Treatment targets and monitoring
Targets to meet
Healthy eating habits and regular physical activity and exercise can help you achieve target levels of blood sugar control, blood pressure and cholesterol.
Speak to your care team as your targets may vary.
Different ways to test your blood sugar level
At home using glucometer
Lets you find out 'at the moment' level of sugar (glucose) in your blood.
Learn more at Self monitoring of blood sugar
Done at the clinic
Reveals HbA1c (glycosylated haemoglobin), i.e., the sugar (glucose) attached to protein in red blood cells.
It also shows your average blood sugar level over 3 months.
If you have Type 2 diabetes
Consider self-monitoring (using a glucometer), if you are:
Managing your weight
Body Mass Index
Body Mass Index (BMI) screens for weight categories that may lead to increased risk of cardiovascular health problems, but it does not diagnose your body fatness or health.
BMI is one of the many useful tools you can use to track your health.
For Asians, a BMI of 23 or more is considered to be at increased risk.
Even losing 5 – 10% of your weight can help lower your blood sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Speak to your healthcare team for personalised advice on how best to achieve or maintain an optimal weight.
Calculate your BMI using the following formula, then check against the table below:
Height (m) x Height (m)
WHO Asian classification of BMI risk category
What to do when you feel unwell
This applies to common illness such as fever, cough, runny nose, vomiting and diarrhoea.