Types of diabetes | Diabetes Hub

Did you know there's more than 2 types of diabetes? Discover all 4 types as well as the risk factors associated with certain types.

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Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

An autoimmune condition whereby the body's immune system attacks and destroys the beta cells of the pancreas, making it unable to produce insulin.

Type 1 diabetes is not caused by diet and lifestyle.

While it typically develops in children or early adulthood, it can also happen to people of other ages.

Type 2 Diabetes

It's the most common form of diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes usually occurs when the body's cells do not respond well or are resistant to the body's own insulin.

It is commonly associated with being overweight and having excessive body fat (under the skin and around the internal organs).

Typically, it develops in older adults (risk increases for those above 40 years).

Gestational Diabetes

Some women develop higher blood sugar levels during pregnancy, which usually normalise after delivery.

Gestational diabetes increases your risk of developing diabetes later on in life.
(Find out more about Gestational Diabetes)


What is pre-diabetes?

Pre-diabetes is when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes.

Having pre-diabetes puts you at an increased risk of Type 2 diabetes.

Making lifestyle changes, such as healthy eating, can delay the progression to diabetes or reverse pre-diabetes.

People with pre-diabetes usually have no symptoms. The only way to diagnose if you have pre-diabetes is through blood tests.


Risk factors for developing pre-diabetes and Type 2 diabetes

Family member(s) known to have diabetes
History of diabetes during pregnancy
40 years of age and above
Body Mass Index (BMI) of 23.0 kg/m2 or higher
Inactive (sedentary) lifestyle
Unhealthy eating habits
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