What is diabetes?
Diabetes can cause complications for your body
High blood sugar, high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol will damage blood vessels. You may not know of the damage until you develop or screen for these complications.
Small blood vessel (microvascular) damage
Nerve damage (neuropathy)
- Loss of feeling in the feet
- Increased risk of foot ulcers and infections
- Eye disease (retinopathy)
- Reduced kidney function (nephropathy)
Large blood vessel (macrovascular) damage
- Stroke (cerebrovascular disease)
- Heart disease (cardiovascular disease)
- Circulatory problems (peripheral vascular disease)
Symptoms that may be common to both*
Type 1 Diabetes
Fast onset, often over a few weeks.
When the symptoms are ignored, it can lead to serious complications such as Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), when acids known as ketones build up in the bloodstream.
Type 2 Diabetes
May not have obvious symptoms or the symptoms can be easily missed.
If ignored, they can lead to serious complications such as Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Syndrome, (HHS), when blood sugar is dangerously high and the body becomes severely dehydrated.