How diabetes develops
Insulin is a hormone that helps control the blood sugar level in your body.
It is produced by beta cells in one of our organs called the pancreas (insulin factory).
Insulin moves sugar (glucose) into the cells, which is then used to generate energy and maintain normal body functions.
How Type 1 diabetes develops
How Type 2 diabetes develops
Effect on your pancreas
High blood sugar levels cause your pancreas (insulin factory) to work harder.
Eating food high in sugar causes blood sugar levels to rise, forcing the pancreas to produce more insulin to control blood sugar level.
Excess (unused) sugar in your body is stored as fat
There may be excess fat in your body even if you look thin
You are likely to have excess internal fat if you have an apple-shaped body.
Excess internal fat can cause problems
Fat surrounding internal organs, and those which enters organs and muscles, can lead to inflammation and damage of body cells. It can also damage the pancreas and other organs.
- Insulin resistance
- High blood pressure
- High LDL-cholesterol
- Low HDL-cholesterol
- High triglycerides