Some pregnancy symptoms and conditions are commonly felt. Know what they are and how you can deal with them with these pregnancy advice and tips.
Most of these
conditions or symptoms are caused by hormonal changes and the extra strain your body undergoes during pregnancy. Pregnancy symptoms are usually temporary and may cause minor discomfort.
Cause: Strain on your back caused by your growing belly.
Symptoms: Nagging pain at the base of your back, which may spread to the upper back and shoulders in extreme cases.
Cause: Hormonal changes may cause your gums to become softer and therefore more prone to gum disease (gingivitis) and other dental problems.
Symptoms: Reddened, swollen, tender and bleeding gums when you brush your teeth.
Cause: The hormone progesterone which increases during pregnancy slows down your digestive system and movement of the intestines. Iron supplements or a history of irregular bowel movement may worsen it.
Symptoms: Difficulty or needing to strain while trying to move your bowel.
Cause: Due to hormonal changes in pregnancy. Dizziness occurs when your brain is not getting enough blood and therefore enough oxygen.
Symptoms: Feeling giddy, especially when you suddenly get up from the bed or chair, prolonged standing or lying on your back.
Tip: Get up slowly after sitting or lying down. If you feel faint, sit down or lie down on your side.
Cause: The pressure of your growing belly on the bladder and water retention due to hormonal changes in pregnancy.
Symptoms: Frequently urinate or wakeup to pass urine.
Tip: If it is associated with pain or blood in the urine, it may be a sign of urine infection. Otherwise, the condition usually improves after pregnancy.
Cause: Hormonal changes and the increased abdominal pressure from your growing belly.
Symptoms: Lumps at the anus; painful, itchy anus; bleeding when you go to the toilet.
Cause: The uterus enlarges gradually during pregnancy and as it pushes on the stomach, it causes acidic contents to flow back into the oesophagus.
Symptoms: An uncomfortable or even painful burning sensation in the chest, or an “acidic” sensation in the throat, especially when lying down.
Cause: Your growing belly is stretching the skin on your abdomen.
Symptoms: An annoying itch over your belly.
Cause: The extra weight gain and the pressure of your growing belly on your bladder and pelvic floor.
Symptoms: When you laugh, sneeze or run, you may leak some urine.
Tip: Regular pelvic floor exercises during pregnancy and after delivery helps. This condition usually improves after delivery. If it persists, talk to your doctor.
Cause: Uncertain, may be due to the increasing weight of the baby putting a strain on your legs.
Symptoms: Painful muscle spasms, usually in the calves. This happens at night or when lying down.
Cause: Hormonal changes during pregnancy. Usually occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Symptoms: Feeling of nausea or throwing up often.
Cause: Pregnancy and rapid weight gain.
Symptoms: Raised, red lines on your tummy, thighs, buttocks and breasts.
Cause: Water retention. This may be more pronounced for those who are overweight.
Symptoms: Swelling in your ankles, feet, fingers, wrists and face, especially towards the end of the pregnancy. Stiffness of your wrist and fingers.
Cause: Increased blood flow to the vaginal area and increase in pregnancy hormones.
Symptoms: Vaginal discharge is clear or milky and odourless. Infection may be present if an itch persists or if the discharge has an unpleasant smell.
Tip: See your doctor for appropriate medication.
Cause: The extra weight of your baby putting pressure on the veins.
Symptoms: Extended veins in your calves, back, legs or thighs, which may throb and cause pain.
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Visit Parent Hub, for more useful tips and guides for a healthy pregnancy.
This article was last reviewed on
22 Nov 2023
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