Learn more about what’s in your diabetes and hypertension medications.
Medication plays a crucial role in helping you manage your illness, especially if you have a chronic illness. At National Healthcare Group Polyclinics, we work closely with NHG Pharmacy to provide you with the necessary medication and advice on ensuring safe consumption of your prescription.
Read on to find out more about the common medicines dispensed at the polyclinics.
There are many types of medicines available to help lower your blood pressure, and it may be necessary for you to take more than one to keep your condition under control. It is important to take your medicine as prescribed by your doctor or pharmacist. Otherwise, the medicine may not work, cause undesired side effects, or result in harm to your body.
1. The common groups of hypertension medications or high blood pressure medicines are:
2. What Should I Take Note of If I am on Hypertension Medication for High Blood Pressure?
3. How Can I Remember to Take My Medicine?
4. What Should I Do If I Forget a Dose?
5. How Should I Store My Medicine?
There are many types of medicines available to control Type 2 diabetes, and it may be necessary for you to take more than one to keep your condition under control. It is important to take your medicine as prescribed by your doctor or pharmacist. Otherwise, the medicine may not work, cause undesired side effects, or result in harm to your body.
The common groups of diabetes medicines are as below:
1. Low blood sugar (Hypoglycaemia)
If you take your medicine but do not eat on time, your blood sugar may become too low. You may experience weakness, dizziness, extreme hunger, sweating, trembling, blurred vision, or an accelerated heart rate.
If you have any of these symptoms, take glucose tablets, half a glass of fruit juice or 2 – 4 teaspoons of sugar, honey or syrup immediately, and you should feel better in about 15 minutes. Seek medical attention immediately if the symptoms do not go away.
2. Stomach discomfort / Bloated feeling or gas / Diarrhoea
These symptoms may occur occasionally. Seek medical attention if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away.
3. Nausea or vomiting / Loss of appetite
You may experience these symptoms if you are taking metformin, repaglinide, nateglinide or rosiglitazone. The medicine should be taken after food or with food to help reduce these symptoms. Seek medical attention if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away.
4. Skin rash
Rashes may occur when you are taking these medicines. If you develop rashes, inform your doctor immediately.
Before taking your medicine, inform your doctor if:
You should keep all medicine in its original container or packaging, tightly closed or sealed. Store tablets in a cool and dry environment.
People born with diabetes have what is known as Type 1 Diabetes. This condition can only be managed through the use of insulin injections. Please click here to know more about insulin and how to administer it.
There are many types of medication available to manage cardiovascular (heart) disease, and it may be necessary for you to take more than one to keep your condition under control. It is important to take your medicine as prescribed by your doctor or pharmacist. Otherwise, the medicine may not work, cause undesired side effects, or result in harm to your body.
The following list* consists of the various types of medicine your doctor may prescribe to manage your condition, according to your needs.
*This list is not exhaustive and is in no way a substitute for a doctor’s advice. Always obtain a full medical assessment for your condition and do not self-medicate.
A: Polypharmacy is defined as the concurrent use of multiple medicines either dispensed according to a prescription or bought over-the-counter.
A: Using multiple medicines concurrently can lead to problems such as the occurrence of adverse reactions, wastage, improper use, under-use or over-use of medicines.
A: If you are aged 65 or older, you are most probably taking one or more medicines prescribed to you by your doctor, as well as products that you can buy over-the-counter (OTC) without a prescription. While such medication can help maintain health and prevent further illness, taking a combination of different medicines means that you can be at risk for unwanted interactions, resulting in adverse reactions.
If you take medicines prescribed by doctors and answer 'yes' to any of the questions below, you can be at increased risk.
Do you take herbs, vitamins or OTC products?
Do you have to take medicine more than once a day?
Do you see different doctors for different conditions?
Do you use different pharmacies to fill your prescriptions?
Do you have poor eyesight or hearing?
Do you live alone?
Do you sometimes forget to take your medicine?
A: As long as your doctor is aware of what medicine you are taking and monitors them carefully, the benefits can far outweigh the risks. However, if you feel that you are taking too many kinds of medicine, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. There are many ways that you and your health care providers can work together to reduce or avoid the risks altogether. Follow the instructions given by your doctor or pharmacist carefully.
Some simple tips:
Talk to your doctor about your medicine.
Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines prescribed by other doctors.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are consuming non-prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines or dietary supplements (herbs, vitamins, etc.).
Keep a written record of your medicines. You can show the record to your doctor at each visit. You can also note any new symptoms or possible side effects that you experience, as these can help pinpoint the cause of any problems.
Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions regarding your medicines.
Do not share your medicines with others or consume medicines belonging to others. They may not be suitable for you.
Remember - you should always know what you are taking and why you are taking them.
A: If you take several medicines daily, you need to have a medication schedule. This will allow you to take your medication at regular intervals so that the amount of medicine in your body is maintained appropriately. Ask your pharmacist to help you to prepare a medication schedule and update it whenever your prescriptions change.
It is helpful to have a memory aid, for example, a pill-box with easy-to-open compartments for each day of the week and time it has to be taken. You may want to purchase a product that uses an electronic alarm such as a buzzer, flashing light or that vibrates when it is time to take your medicine.
Ask your pharmacist for help in choosing the appropriate type of device for your needs.
A: You should keep your medicines in their original containers where possible and store them in a cool and dry place.
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This article was last reviewed on
22 Nov 2023
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