How to Prevent Head Injuries? 

Prevention of childhood injuries is best achieved through close adult or caregiver supervision as children may not be aware of the potential hazards in the environment around them.

Tips for head injury prevention:

Infants & Toddlers:

  • Do not leave your baby unattended, even for a few seconds, on an adult bed or baby cot without proper barriers
  • Do not use a sarong cradle as the infant may fall out of the sarong or the springs/attachments of the cradle may break
  • Do not use leave your child in a baby walker unsupervised. They may topple over and your child may fall and sustain a head injury
  • Do not shake or rock your child too violently as this may lead to rupture of blood vessels in the brain causing bleeding within the brain

School-going children:

  • Do ensure that your children use a properly fitted protective helmet for activities like cycling, skating, roller-blading etc
Head injuries usually cause a lot of anxiety both for parents and children.

Signs and Symptoms of A Potentially Serious Head Injury

Bring your child immediately to the emergency department or call an ambulance if your child has any of the following signs or symptoms that suggest a serious head injury:
  • Becomes unconscious or unresponsive
  • Vomits persistently after the incident
  • Exhibits changes in his/her behaviour e.g. drowsiness, agitation, confusion or irritability
  • Walks unsteadily
  • Complains of blurred vision
  • Complains of a severe or worsening headache
  • Has blood or clear fluid exuding from the ears and/or nose.
  • Exhibits seizures or abnormal movement 

If your child is behaving, eating and playing normally after a head injury, you may choose to monitor your child at home. You may also bring your child to the family doctor or polyclinic for a review.

Usually, features of severe brain injury would manifest within 72 hours of the incident.

Please do not hesitate to bring you child to see a doctor if you have any concerns or if your child develops any of the symptoms mentioned above. If there are concerns about injuries to the brain, your doctor may refer to an Emergency Department for a Computed Tomography (CT) scan of the brain.

​First Aid for Minor Head Injuries:

  • Hold and comfort your child.
  • Put a cold compress or ice pack on any bumps or bruises.
  • Let your child rest for the next few hours.
  • Watch your child closely for the next 24 hours for any unusual symptoms or behaviour.
  • Seek medical advice immediately if the condition worsens.

Visit Parent Hub, for more useful tips and guides to give your child a healthy start.

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