To prevent diseases such as measles and mumps, babies are vaccinated according to the Childhood Immunisation Schedule from birth to 12-years-old.
By Associate Professor TAN Thiam Chye Head & Senior Consultant, Dr Michelle LIM Associate Consultant, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital
Every child in Singapore is vaccinated according to our National Childhood Immunisation Schedule.
Immunisation is an important way to protect your child from certain diseases that can be avoided. The basis of vaccination is to make us immune to a disease before it has the chance to make us sick. Below are some answers to commonly asked questions about vaccines given to infants and toddlers.
Information Is the Best Defence
Vaccines are made from the same viruses (or parts of them) that cause disease. However, in vaccines, the viruses are altered in such a way that they cannot cause illnesses. The vaccines are introduced into our bodies, usually via injection. Our immune system then reacts by making antibodies that give us immunity. While some vaccines give us immunity for life, others may require repeated booster shots to maintain immunity.
How Healthy Are You?
Most babies are fit for immunisation, but if your baby is currently having a high fever or has had a previous serious reaction to certain vaccines, you may need to consult a doctor for further advice. Avoid live vaccines like MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) or polio if your child’s immune system is weak as a result of illness or medical treatment.
It’s normal for your baby to cry a little after the injection, but this should not last longer than a few seconds. Your baby might feel a little sore, and there may be a slight redness and even a small lump over the injection site, which should all clear within a few days. Your baby might also have a slight fever for a day or two after the injection. Some parents are concerned about the link between the MMR vaccines and autism, however, there is no scientific evidence to support this belief. Do consult a doctor if you have any concerns.
Your Baby Needs Soft Skills Too
Full subsidies* for vaccinations under the National Childhood Immunisation Schedule (NCIS) are available for Singaporean children at CHAS GP clinics and polyclinics.
*Applicable for certain vaccine brands. Please refer to
https://go.gov.sg/vaccine-list for the latest subsidised vaccine brands.
Safe Home for Your Baby
Hep B (Hepatitis B) 1st dose and BCG (bacillus Calmette-Guerin)
Hep B 2nd dose
Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis-polio (DTP-Polio), Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) 1st dose
DTP-polio, Hib 2nd dose
Pneumococcal 1st dose
Hep B 3rd dose
DTP-polio, Hib 3rd dose
Pneumococcal 1st Booster
MMR (measles, mumps, rubella), varicella 1st dose
DTP-polio, Hib 1st booster
More information on Childhood Immunisation:
The latest Child Vaccination Chart is available from the
National Immunisation Registry. The Registry collects and maintains immunisation records of children and adults residing in Singapore. To view your child's immunisation records, log into
HealthHub with your Singpass.
The immunisation programme protects children from 12 diseases such as tuberculosis (TB), Hepatitis B and Diphtheria. Learn all about these vaccines in
12 Essential Childhood Vaccinations.
Today, vaccines are combined into a single injection. These 5-in-1 or 6-in-1 vaccines means fewer injections for children. To learn more about these, check out
Immunisations for Your Baby.
Visit Parent Hub, for more useful tips and guides to give your child a healthy start.
Download the HealthHub app on
Google Play or
Apple Store to access more health and wellness advice at your fingertips.
Read these next:
This article was last reviewed on
Tuesday, November 15, 2022
The Importance of Sleep
Did You Know BMI Isn’t The Same For Adults And Kids?
Feeding Your Baby Solid Food: Baby's First Food Journey
Health Screening for Primary School
Directory of Screening Locations
Cultivating Healthy Habits in Your Pre-school Child
View More Programmes
The Health Promotion Board (HPB) conducts annual school health visits to provide free health screening and immunisation services. HPB also conducts health education and health promotion programmes on lifestyle practices. HPB’s Student Health Centre, which generally provides preventive and screening services, follows up children referred from the school visits above.
There’s a lot about e-cigarettes that many of us are unaware of – what are they exactly, and are they safe? Read on to uncover truths and myths clouding it!
Kickstart your healthy habits today with good hygiene practices, an active lifestyle, a balanced diet and sufficient sleep.
Browse Live Healthy
In partnership with