Heart Failure - Keeping to a Healthy Diet

A healthy diet and healthy eating habits will help you attain a healthy weight and improve your heart health.

A healthy diet is key in maintaining a healthy weight.

In addition to watching how much fluid and salt you take in, a healthy diet is also important for you to have a healthy heart.

Excess body weight adds strain to your heart. So, keep within your desirable body mass index (BMI), which is 18.5 – 22.9 for Asian adults. This is calculated as your weight in kilograms divided by the square of your height in metres.

You should aim to achieve a healthy BMI, ideally between 18.5 – 22.9

BMI (for adults)
Risk of Heart Disease and Diabetes
​27.5 & above
​High Risk
​23.0 - 27.4
​Moderate Risk
​18.5 - 22.9
​Low Risk (healthy range)
Less than 18.5​Risk of nutritional deficiency diseases and osteoporosis​

Steps to a Healthy Diet

  1. Eat less fat
    • o Take less fat in your diet to help reduce your cholesterol level as well as to help you maintain a healthy weight
    • Choose the healthier types of fat (unsaturated fats such as olive oil, corn oil and sunflower oil instead of saturated such as coconut oil)
  2. Eat less cholesterol-rich food
    • A diet that is high in cholesterol and high in fats, especially saturated fats, may increase blood cholesterol levels
    • Avoid egg yolks, organ meats, seafood (e.g. squid) as they contain high amounts of dietary cholesterol
  3. Eat more fibre
    • A high fibre diet (particularly soluble fibre) will improve your blood cholesterol level
    • Good sources of fibre are vegetables, fruits and whole grains
  4. Eat less sugar
    • A diet high in sugar can contribute to weight gain
    • Speak to your dietitian about your dietary requirements and find out more about how you can keep to a healthy diet

Excessive weight loss may also be harmful in patients with heart failure. Do inform your case/care manager, nurse or doctor if you are losing weight drastically.

Download the HealthHub app on Google Play or Apple Store to access more health and wellness advice at your fingertips.


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Heart Failure - Keeping to a Healthy Diet

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