Signs and symptoms
A person who experiences five or more of these common signs and symptoms for more than two weeks may have depression.
The symptoms can be described
using the acronym
In SAD CAGES
terest in activities
epressed mood or feelings of sadness over a sustained period
ctivity level changes
uilt or shame
uicidal thoughts due to feelings of helplessness and hopelessness
The signs and symptoms can be managed with early treatment.
Psychotherapy involves talking things through with a healthcare professional.
Talking to someone who can listen and understand without passing judgement can be a tremendous relief, helping in the solving of problems and the coping of life’s stressors.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy found to be effective in treating depression.
It helps in recognising and changing negative thinking and behavioural patterns.
Electro-convulsive therapy (ECT)
Electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) involves the use of electric current and is only prescribed to those with severe depression who have not responded to treatment or are highly suicidal.
It involves passing a very small electric current through the brain. The procedure is carried out under general anaesthesia taking just a few minutes, while the patient is asleep.