While rosacea can affect everyone, those with lighter skin tone may be more prone to it. Learn how rosacea treatment can alleviate the condition.
If you experience rosacea, avoid exposure to sunlight, alcoholic drinks and spicy foods as these could worsen your condition.
Rosacea is a chronic disorder that primarily affects facial skin. It typically begins after 30, with initial symptoms such as redness on the cheeks, nose, chin or forehead that may come and go. Occasionally, rosacea may also occur on the neck, chest, scalp or ears. Over time, the redness tends to become more persistent, accompanied by swelling, tiny blood vessels becoming visible, and small bumps. In some patients, the eyes are also affected and may be watery or bloodshot.
Rosacea is characterised by flare-ups and remissions. In long-standing and severe cases, the nose may grow swollen and lumpy from excessive tissue (rhinophyma).
Although rosacea can affect everyone, lighter-skinned individuals who flush or blush easily are believed to be more susceptible. The disease is more frequently diagnosed in women, but more severe symptoms tend to be seen in men.
The exact cause of rosacea is unclear. There is no permanent cure for rosacea, but medical therapy can control or reverse its signs and symptoms.
Signs of rosacea include:
There are four types of rosacea, and patients may experience characteristics of more than one type at the same time:
Exposure to sunlight, alcoholic drinks, spicy foods and hot drinks such as coffee and tea can cause flushing and trigger rosacea. Other triggers include exercise, vasodilators (drugs that dilate blood vessels), stress, anxiety and extreme temperatures. The use of topical steroids on the face can worsen the condition.
Demodex mites, tiny mites that live on the face, are thought by some experts to be a contributory factor. Strong facial washes, fragrances, acetone or alcohol-containing hair sprays and cosmetics can also irritate the skin.
Various oral and topical medications may be prescribed to treat the bumps and redness often associated with the disorder.
A gentle skincare routine can be useful. Patients are advised to clean their face with a mild and non-abrasive cleanser, rinse with lukewarm water and blot the face dry with a cotton towel. Never pull, tug or use a rough washcloth.
Certain cosmetics can help conceal the effects of rosacea, such as green make-up or green-tinted foundations, which can counter redness. This can be followed by a skin-tone foundation with natural yellow tones instead of those with pink or orange hues.
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This article was last reviewed on
Monday, December 13, 2021
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