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The Health Promotion Board (HPB) conducts annual school health visits to provide free health screening and immunisation services. HPB also conducts health education and health promotion programmes on lifestyle practices. HPB’s Student Health Centre, which generally provides preventive and screening services, follows up children referred from the school visits above.
Infectious Diseases Act requires every child in Singapore to be vaccinated against diphtheria and measles.
Immunisations are very important. They protect your child against vaccine-preventable diseases that can lead to serious complications or even death.
In Singapore, the National Childhood Immunisation Schedule (NCIS) lists the recommended vaccines that children should receive. In consultation with the Expert Committee on Immunisation, MOH regularly reviews vaccination policies as well as the vaccines listed on the schedule. This ensures that NCIS is up to date.
Vaccines are generally safe. They undergo years of testing for safety and effectiveness before they are approved and licensed.
The risk of serious complications from the vaccines is always much lower than the risk of complications if your child falls ill with one of the diseases. Also, allergy to vaccines is rare.
The possible side-effects include:
If your child experiences side-effects,
HPB provides vaccinations against Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR), Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (Tdap) and Poliomyelitis [e.g. oral poliomyelitis vaccine (OPV) or inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV)] for students in primary schools.
Primary 1 students will receive compulsory vaccinations against Measles and Diphtheria (MMR/Tdap) if they have not received the recommended doses of these vaccinations under the NCIS.
This is mandated by the Infectious Diseases Act in Singapore.
If you wish to make alternative vaccination arrangements, please opt-out of this service at
Child Consent Portal from 1st Jan 2021. If no opt-out notification is received from you, please be informed that your child will receive the compulsory vaccinations during the annual school health visit by HPB’s School Health Service if required.
For more information, you may visit
www.nir.hpb.gov.sg or email your queries to
With parental consent, Primary 5 students will receive booster vaccinations against Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis and Poliomyelitis as recommended under NCIS. You can submit your consent for your child to be vaccinated in the school with the required age-appropriate vaccinations at
Child Consent Portal.
Students from other levels may receive vaccinations (MMR, Tdap and/or Poliomyelitis vaccines as required after school health team has reviewed their immunisation records. Parental consent is required.
Change to inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV) instead of oral poliomyelitis vaccine (OPV)
From 2021, HPB will gradually switch to the use of inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV) instead of oral poliomyelitis vaccine (OPV) as the manufacturer has ceased production of OPV. Both IPV and OPV are recommended by World Health Organisation (WHO) for providing effective protection against polio viruses.
Currently, Primary 5 students receive 1 injection (Tdap) and 2 oral drops (OPV). Moving forward, Primary 5 students will receive only 1 injection i.e. a combined vaccine Tdap-IPV. This means that children will receive booster Tdap and IPV within the same injection.
During the school visit, the school health teams check and ensure that students have received their immunisations against Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR), Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (Tdap) and Poliomyelitis [e.g. oral poliomyelitis vaccine (OPV) or inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV)] as recommended under the National Childhood Immunisation Schedule.
Students who have incomplete immunisation records or require catchup immunisations will be referred to the Student Health Centre (SHC). Parents may also take their child to their own doctor for the immunisation if they wish.
Please note that immunisation against Measles and Diphtheria is compulsory by Law in Singapore.
Under the National School-based Human Papillomavirus (HPV) programme, HPB offers fully subsidised HPV vaccinations to eligible Secondary 1 and 2 female students attending MOE-registered secondary schools, Special Education (SPED) schools, Privately-Funded Schools and full-time Madrasahs. HPV vaccination is not compulsory and parental consent is required for the student to receive HPV vaccination.
Parents/Guardians can provide parental consent via the
Child Consent Portal for their daughter(s)/ward(s) to receive the HPV vaccinations.
Singapore female residents (citizens and permanent residents) of Secondary One equivalent age-group who are home-schooled, studying in private institutions or overseas may email
HPB_SHC@hpb.gov.sg to book an appointment to receive the HPV vaccination at the Student Health Centre (SHC), Health Promotion Board.
Cervarix is the HPV vaccine used for the school-based HPV vaccination programme. It provides protections against HPV types 16 and 18 which are associated with about 70% of cervical cancer cases.
The number of HPV vaccinations required will depend on the age of the student at time of receiving the first dose of HPV vaccination.
The vaccination schedules for the National School-based HPV Vaccination Programme are given within the table:
<15y when 1st Dose is Given
≥15y when 1st Dose is Given
Number of doses required
When will the doses be given
Clinical trials and post-marketing surveillance have shown that HPV vaccines are safe and effective. The vaccines do not contain any live viruses or infectious material. This means you cannot become infected with HPV from the vaccines.
For more information on national school-based HPV vaccination programme, you may refer to the information in the links below.
For any queries on the school-based HPV programme, please email
HPB_mailbox@hpb.gov.sg or call 6435 3895.
FAQs on HPV and HPV immunisation to learn more about HPV and its link to cervical cancer.
During the SHS teams’ school visits, doctors and nurses conduct age-appropriate health screening for schoolchildren. To learn what the types of screening activities are, please click the links below.
We have several electronic resources catering to your child’s healthcare needs.
We have other resources about health improvement for youngsters. Follow the links below to learn more.
Copyright © Ministry of Health Singapore. All Rights Reserved.