Epilepsy is diagnosed when a person has more than one episode of epileptic seizures. Learn more about epilepsy symptoms.

What is a Seizure? 
An epileptic seizure occurs when there is an abnormal electrical discharge of a group of brain cells. Seizures can produce a variety of symptoms, depending on the part of the brain affected and the spread of the electrical activity throughout the brain.

What is Epilepsy? 
A person may be diagnosed with epilepsy if more than one episode of epileptic seizure occurs. 

In some cases, a patient might suffer continuous seizures for over five minutes, or multiple, intermittent seizures without regaining consciousness in between. These severe epilepsy symptoms indicate a condition known as status epilepticus, which is a medical emergency. Send the person to the hospital or call 995. 

Epilepsy Causes and Risk Factors
In approximately half of known epilepsy cases, a cause cannot be identified. However, there are some common risk factors such as:
Brain injury
Brain infection
Brain tumour
Genetic susceptibility

What to Do If Someone Has an Epileptic Seizure
Suffering from or witnessing an epileptic seizure can cause panic and anxiety, so it is important to know how to react safely. Here are some dos and don’ts:

Remain calm
Protect the person from harm
Turn the person to lie on his/her side
Observe the type and duration of seizure

Do not
Restrain the person unless there is threat of danger
Put anything in the person’s mouth
Crowd around the person

For more information and to contact a support helpline, please click here

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