Burns in Children

If your child suffers a burn, here’s how to recognise the types of burns and their severity, and what manner of first aid you can administer at home before seeking medical treatment.

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The effects of burns from a fire or other sources of heat range from mild to life-threatening. Read on to find out more about first aid for burns in children.

Types of Burns

Generally, there are three types of burns that your child may sustain, which vary in the extent of damage to your child’s skin.

First-degree Burns

Generally caused by brief skin contact with heat, first-degree burns cause swelling, redness, and pain but is considered the mildest among the types of burns.

Second-degree Burns

Resulting from contact with chemicals, hot liquids or solids, or from clothing catching fire, second-degree burns can cause your child’s skin to appear mottled white to cherry red. The burn is often quite painful and may also lead to the formation of blisters.

Third-degree Burns

Often resulting from prolonged contact with flames, hot liquids or solids, chemicals or electricity, third-degree burns often lead to charred, leathery or pallid skin. Little or no pain may be experienced because of damage to the nerves.

First Aid for Burns in Children 

To treat a burn, follow the first aid guide below: 
Remove any piece of clothing from your child’s burnt area immediately.
Run cool water over the burnt area until the pain subsides. Do not use ice. Seek immediate medical attention.
If the burnt area is small, loosely cover it with a sterile gauze pad or bandage to prevent a skin infection.
If the burn is severe, seek medical attention immediately.



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Burns in Children

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