Dental trauma is injury to the mouth, including teeth, lips, gums, tongue, and jawbones. Soft tissue injuries to the mouth and dental trauma are typically very painful and should receive prompt treatment. The most common dental trauma is a broken or lost tooth.
Teeth have an outer hard enamel layer, and the dentine is the part of a tooth between the enamel and the pulp. The pulp is the living centre of the tooth and is made up of delicate blood vessels, nerve tissue and cells.
If you sustain any dental injuries, seek a dentist's advice immediately. If you have the fractured piece of tooth with you, bring it along to the dentist. It is sometimes possible to put it back.
DisplacementA more severe knock may displace the tooth so that it may sink deeper into the socket or hang loosely out of it. The tooth may be displaced to the side. If the blow is very severe, it may knock the tooth out completely or fracture the supporting bone.In most cases of tooth displacement, the delicate blood vessels supplying the pulp are damaged and the tooth will require a root canal treatment.
Dental trauma may be inflicted in a number of ways:
Dental trauma is diagnosed by:
If your tooth has been knocked out, forced out of position, loosened or fractured, you should get to the dentist as soon as you can. Getting to a dentist within 30 minutes can make the difference between saving or losing a tooth.
If your tooth has been knocked out, you should:
If your tooth is broken, you should:
If your tooth is pushed out of position, you should:
If you have cut your lips, gums, or tongue, you should:
For Fractures, the outcome may be:
For displacement, the outcome may be:
Infection is a common complication, but can be managed with a course of antibiotics. With timely interventions and appropriate treatment, the prognosis for healing following dental trauma is good.
Most dental trauma is preventable and these precautions minimize the risk of dental trauma.
This article was last reviewed on
Monday, January 29, 2018
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