Bruising in Children

Why do bruises appear on children? Read on to learn about bruising in children and how to treat a bruise that appears on your child.

A bruise is a small collection of blood beneath the skin. Most bruises develop when a blow breaks blood vessels near the skin's surface, allowing a small amount of blood to leak into the tissues under your skin. The trapped blood may cause a bruise that looks like a black-and-blue mark that changes colour as it heals.

Bruising may occur after a fall, collision with a hard surface, or upon impact with a blunt object. 

How To Treat a Bruise?

Do remember RICE (Rest, Ice, Compress and Elevate) for simple first-aid measures for your child's bruise.



Rest the bruised area if possible



Apply an ice pack (wrapped in a towel) to the area of bruising. Leave it in place for 15 - minutes. Repeat several times a day during the first 48 hours as needed.



Most times, a compression bandage is not required.



Elevate the injured area

You may also give an age-appropriate dose of paracetamol or ibuprofen if your child has no allergies.

Consult Your Doctor If You Notice Your Child:

  • Has very painful swelling or deformities in the bruised area. This may suggest a fracture.
  • Has bruising noted around the eyes or behind the ears after a head injury.
  • Is still experiencing pain three days later after a seemingly minor injury.
  • Has bruises that are not related to injury or unexplained bruises, particularly if the bruises appear on the trunk, back or face.
  • Has bruises in the context of extra bleeding, e.g., regular nose bleeds or bleeding from the gums.
  • Has patterns of injury suggestive of a nonaccidental cause, e.g., bruising in pre-mobile children and bruises appearing over relatively protected areas of the body such as behind the ears, neck, trunk, or buttocks, should trigger concerns about possible nonaccidental causes.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is meant purely for educational purposes and may not be used as a substitute for medical diagnosis or treatment. You should seek the advice of your doctor or a qualified healthcare provider before starting any treatment or if you have any questions related to your health, physical fitness or medical condition.

Visit Parent Hub, for more useful tips and guides to give your baby a healthy start.

Download the HealthHub app on Google Play or Apple Store to access more health and wellness advice at your fingertips.

Back to Top