Contraception helps to reduce the risk of having an unwanted pregnancy. However, with the options currently available, do you know which is the most suitable option for you? Read on to learn more about contraceptive methods
Every sexual intercourse has the chance of ending in a pregnancy. That's fine if you are ready to be parents and want to have a child.
If you do not want children yet - don't take chances. Talk it over and choose a contraceptive method that suits you and your partner best. See your doctor for more personal advice.
Abortion is not a contraceptive method
It does not prevent pregnancy. Moreover, repeated abortions can damage the womb, cervix and can result in the woman being unable to get pregnant or have children in the future.
Where can I get contraception?
You can buy condoms and spermicides without going to a doctor or clinic. For example, condoms can be purchased at supermarkets and convenience stores. Spermicides used alone without any other contraceptive is generally not recommended as the failure rate is high.
Discuss all the options available with your GP or specialist. Some of the methods may require a prescription. You can go to any GP or polyclinic for contraceptives.
How effective a contraceptive is depends on how old you are, how often you have sex and whether you follow the instructions correctly.
Some methods do not require you to remember to take pills or use contraceptives every time you have sex. These include implants, injections or devices which are inserted into the womb (Intrauterine device such as Copper T and Mirena). They provide protection that is long lasting and it is also reversible.
The couple may consider male or female sterilisation if permanent contraception is desired.
What if I get pregnant?
No method of contraception is 100% successful. If you think you could be pregnant you should see your doctor as soon as possible.
Contraception and menopause
Contraception is required until menopause. Contraception should be used until a woman has not had a period or any bleeding for two years if aged under 50, and for one year if over 50.
Contraception and breastfeeding
Complete breastfeeding may offer some contraception. However as this is not reliable, other contraceptive methods are recommended to avoid pregnancy when you are breastfeeding. If you are breastfeeding your baby:
Continue breastfeeding at regular intervals both during the day and at night.
Avoid giving supplementary feeds to your baby and continue to breastfeed your baby for as long as possible.
If you get your periods while you are still breastfeeding your baby, it is recommended you use contraception to avoid getting pregnant.
Which contraceptive method is for me?
There are various methods of contraception for you and your partner to consider.
Oral Contraceptive Pill
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
Ligation (female sterilisation)
Vasectomy (male sterilisation)
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This article was last reviewed on
Tuesday, December 21, 2021
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