Salt (or sodium chloride) is essential for life. Blood, sweat, tears and saliva all contain salt. Without salt, your body becomes chemically imbalanced, and your muscles and nervous system cannot work properly.


Salt becomes problematic only when you take too much of it. The average Singaporean adult consumes 9​ grams of salt per day, which is more than the recommended daily intake of 5 grams (this is equivalent to one teaspoon of salt). If you have diabetes and high blood pressure, your doctor may recommend even less.

Related: Eating to Lower Blood Pressure

Salt is one of the main sources of sodium in your diet. Reducing the amount of sodium in your diet has been shown to lower your blood pressure. Lowering your blood pressure means you are less likely to develop heart disease, stroke, retinopathy and kidney disease, all of which are diabetes complications.

Here are Some Tips to Reduce Your Sodium Intake


  • Buy fresh

    Generally, fresh foods such as fruit, vegetables, wholegrain foods, beans, peas and legumes, unsalted nuts and seeds, and fresh meat have much lower sodium content than processed foods. For a healthier diet, try to buy fresh produce as often as possible.​​

  • Check food labels

    Processed foods tend to contain more sodium than fresh foods because of the added salt during food processing and manufacturing.

    These foods include:

    • cheese

    • canned vegetables and baked beans

    • salted and preserved food (ham, bacon, luncheon meat, sausage, salted fish, salted egg, ikan bilis)

    • condiments (soy sauce, dressings/marinades, tomato/chilli and oyster sauce).

    When buying processed foods, take time to read the Nutrition Information Panel on a food product and compare it with similar items. This may be time consuming in the beginning but the next time you shop for grocery, you will know which options are better and where to find them.

    Another way is to look out for the Healthier Choice Symbol to help you choose lower sodium alternatives.


    Certain fat-free or low-fat food products may have more sodium added to them to make them tasty. Always check food labels so you know what you are getting.

    Be careful when using salt substitutes as they are high in potassium which can be harmful to some people. Check with your doctor to make sure they do not interfere with your diabetes.

Eating in

  • Choose recipes that use fresh ingredients

  • Cook with less salt, sauces, stock cubes and seasoning powders. Use natural herbs and spices like onion, ginger, garlic, parsley, cinnamon and cloves to flavour food instead.

  • Prepare your own stock. It is easy to boil chicken or fish bones with some vegetables, and use the broth to make stock to flavour your dishes without having to use much salt or condiment. If you want to use canned stock or broth, look for reduced-sodium varieties.

Eating out

  • Ask for your food to be prepared with less salt and sauces where possible.

  • Taste food first before adding more salt or sauces to the food.

  • Avoid finishing up all the broth or sauces as they contain a lot of sodium.

Don’t let hidden salt sneak up on you! It takes a while to adjust​​ to less salty food but the benefits will last you a lifetime.

For more nutritional tips, read these next:


  1. World Health Organisation. (2007). Reducing salt intake in populations: Report of WHO Forum and Technical Meeting.
    Retrieved from http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/Salt_Report_VC_april07.pdf

  2. Thomas, M. C., Moran, J., Forsblom, C., et al. (2011). The association between dietary sodium intake, end stage renal disease, and all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 34(4), 861-866.
    Retrieved from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/34/4/861

  3. American Diabetes Association (2003). Treatment of hypertension in adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 26(1), s80-s82.
    Retrieved from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/diacare/26/suppl_1/s80.full.pdf