Tranexamic Acid

Medication Information Leaflet

What is this medication for?

Tranexamic acid is used to prevent or reduce excessive bleeding for a short period of time in many different conditions such as heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia) or in those with certain disorders like haemophilia ( a rare bleeding disorder in which the blood does not clot properly).

This medication belongs to a class of drugs known as anti-fibrinolytics, which prevents blood clots from breaking down and hence, reduces the amount of blood lost.

How should I take/use this medication?

  • You may take this medication with or without food. However, if you experience stomach discomfort when taking the medication, you should take it after food.

  • If you are taking tranexamic acid for heavy menstrual bleeding, do not start taking the medicine until your menses have started.

What should I do if I forget to take/use this medication?

If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. Then take your next dose at the usual time. Do not take two doses to make up for the missed dose.

What precautions should I take?

Inform your healthcare professional if:

  • You are allergic to this medication or any of the other ingredients of this medication.

  • You are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding.

  • You are taking any other medications, including supplements, traditional medications and herbal remedies.

  • You have a history of or current medical conditions such as blood clots in your legs, arteries, lungs or anywhere else in your body, stroke, seizures (fits), or problems with your kidney.

What are some common side-effects of this medication?

Common side effects include:

  • Stomach discomfort

    • Take it after food to minimise these side effects.

  • Headache

  • Muscle aches

Most of these side effects will get better or go away as your body gets used to the medication.

Inform your doctor if the side effects above become severe and bothersome.

What are some rare but serious side-effects that I need to seek medical advice immediately?

The symptoms of a drug allergy include one or more of the following:

  • Swollen face/eyes/lips/tongue

  • Difficulty in breathing

  • Itchy skin rashes over your whole body

Very rarely, this medication may cause:

  • Changes in eyesight e.g. blurred vision, changes in colour vision.

  • Tenderness or swelling in one leg, sudden breathlessness, or loss of feeling down one side of the body.

If you experience any of these symptoms, you should stop your medication and see your healthcare professional immediately.

What food or medication should I avoid when I take this medication?

  • Some medications might interact with this medication. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you want to take/give any other medicines, supplements or herbal products.

  • If you see another doctor, inform him that you are taking this medication before he prescribes any other medications.

How should I store this medication?

Store in a cool and dry place, away from direct heat and sunlight. Keep this medication away from children.

How should I throw away this medication safely?

For general waste: Pack this medication into a black trash bag and seal it tightly before throwing into the rubbish chute or bin.

If you take more than the recommended dose, please seek medical advice immediately. The information provided on this page does not replace information from your healthcare professional. Please consult your healthcare professional for more information.

This article is jointly developed by members of the National Medication Information workgroup. The workgroup consists of cluster partners (National Healthcare Group, National University Health System and SingHealth), community pharmacies (Guardian, Unity and Watsons) and Pharmaceutical Society of Singapore. The content does not reflect drug availability and supply information in pharmacies and healthcare institutions. You are advised to check with the respective institutions for such information.

Last updated on January 2021

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