Vaccine Information Leaflet
Infection with the rotavirus is a common cause of stomach flu (gastroenteritis) in infants and young children.
Rotavirus vaccines help to prevent stomach flu (especially severe diarrhoea) in infants and young children. Other symptoms of rotavirus infection include watery diarrhoea, vomiting or fever and dehydration, which may require hospitalization.
Rotavirus present in faeces of infected people spreads easily through hand-to-mouth contact and surfaces such as contaminated toys or dirty diapers. It can also be spread through the air by sneezing and coughing.
There are 2 types of vaccines available:
Monovalent - contains 1 strain of the rotavirus
Pentavalent - contains 5 different strains of the rotavirus
Depending on the type of rotavirus vaccine:
Babies who are at least 6 weeks of age would need either two or three doses
The first dose must be administered by 12 or 16 weeks of age
The last dose must be administered by 24 or 32 weeks of age
Please consult your doctor for more advice.
Inform your healthcare professional if:
Your child is allergic to this vaccine or any of the other ingredients of this vaccine
Your child previously had intussusception (a bowel obstruction where a portion of the intestines gets folded into another section of the intestine)
Your child was born with a malformation of the gut that could lead to intussusception
Your child has a condition which affects their immune system, e.g. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection or a rare inherited illness called Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID)
Your child is currently on medications which weaken their immune system (e.g. high dose steroids)
Your child is taking any other medications
Your child is currently not feeling well and having a fever
Your child is having diarrhoea or vomiting
Your child has recently received any other vaccines
It is given through the mouth.
Diarrhoea or vomiting
Increase fluid intake through small but frequent feeds throughout the day
Sponge your child with lukewarm water
Give your child paracetamol
These side effects usually go away on its own
Please bring your child to see a doctor if these side effects do not get better or become worse.
The symptoms of a drug allergy include one or more of the following:
Difficulty in breathing
Itchy skin rashes over your whole body
Rarely, intussusception may occur. Intussusception tends to occur during the first week after the first or second dose. Symptoms of intussusception may include:
Crying, with your child pulling their legs up to their chest
Blood in the stools
If your child experiences any of these symptoms, please bring him/her to see their healthcare professional immediately.
The information provided on this page does not replace information from your healthcare professional. Please consult your healthcare professional for more information.
This article is jointly developed by members of the National Medication Information workgroup. The workgroup consists of cluster partners (National Healthcare Group, National University Health System and SingHealth), community pharmacies (Guardian, Unity and Watsons) and Pharmaceutical Society of Singapore. The content does not reflect drug availability and supply information in pharmacies and healthcare institutions. You are advised to check with the respective institutions for such information.
Last updated on Oct 2022
This article was last reviewed on
Wednesday, November 22, 2023
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