Chronic Diseases: Understanding the Medical Conditions and their Causes

Chronic diseases are medical conditions that are generally progressive. These lifelong conditions, which include heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and asthma, can be managed with simple lifestyle changes.

​What are chronic diseases?

What Are Chronic Diseases?​

Medical conditions like diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), high blood cholesterol, stroke, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are lifelong conditions. Therefore, it is important to take charge of your health and manage these conditions to lead a fulfilling life.

Chronic diseases are long-term medical conditions that are generally progressive. At present, these are the major causes of disability and death globally. Chronic diseases are also the major causes of premature adult deaths in many parts of the world. According to the World Health Organisation, almost half of all chronic disease deaths occur in people under the age of 70.

Common Chronic Diseases in Singapore

In Singapore, chronic diseases are significant causes of illness and death. Common chronic diseases that affect Singaporeans are:
Asthma
Stroke

The table below shows the lifestyle-related risk factors of cancer, stroke, heart disease, hypertension and diabetes.


Chronic illnesses have a serious impact on individuals and on society in general. They affect the quality of life of individuals and can be a financial burden on those who are affected.

A number of risk factors related to an individual's lifestyle can contribute to the development of chronic disease (e.g. cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory conditions and diabetes). Risk factors such as an unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and smoking are mostly modifiable. Adopting healthy lifestyle practices such as a healthy diet,​ regular physical activity​, and quitting​ smoking​ or avoiding tobacco use can prevent or control the onset of debilitating and expensive complications of chronic disease.

MORE A-Z

blood-glucose-monitoring
Hyperglycaemia: Monitoring Blood Glucose

High blood glucose levels (hyperglycaemia) may occur if you have diabetes and do not manage it properly.

National Healthcare Group
X

Share on Facebook now for
Healthpoints

doctor
Diabetes: Management of Hypoglycaemia and Hyperglycaemic Crisis

When your blood glucose level is out of control and reaches very high or low levels, you will experience serious complications that should be treated as emergencies. Knowing about diabetic emergency treatment beforehand will prepare you for such situations.

National Healthcare Group
X

Share on Facebook now for
Healthpoints

Diabetes management
Diabetes Management: Weight, Diet, Exercise and Medicine

As a person with diabetes, it is very important for you to learn how to manage the condition well. The main goal is to keep your blood glucose at an optimal level — neither too high nor too low.

National Healthcare Group
X

Share on Facebook now for
Healthpoints

96
Chronic Diseases: Understanding the Medical Conditions and their Causes

 Catalog-Item Reuse

Back to Top