Heart Rhythm Disorder (Arrhythmia)

An irregular heartbeat could be harmless, or it could mean a serious problem that needs medical treatment.

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What is Heart Arrhythmia?

Heart arrhythmia is a generic term for an irregular heartbeat. Depending on the arrhythmia's duration rate, degree of regularity, and its effect on blood flow and blood pressure, it may be either insignificant or life-threatening.
 
There are four main types of arrhythmia, with subdivisions within them, but they all refer to the heart beating either too fast or too slow.

Heart Arrhythmia Symptoms

Some heart arrhythmias give no symptoms and may only be discovered during a routine examination.  But for arrhythmias that do cause symptoms, the following are likely to be experienced:
Palpitations
Missed beats, skips, thumps, butterflies, fluttering or racing
May come in single or multiple beats
May be felt anywhere from the stomach to the head
Dizziness
Fainting
Chest pain
Shortness of breath

Heart Arrhythmia Diagnosis 

An irregular heartbeat can be diagnosed through:
Blood tests
Electrocardiogram (ECG)
Heart monitor 

Causes of Heart Arrhythmia

In many cases, the cause of an arrhythmia is unknown. Some known causes include heart disease, stress, caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, diet pills, and decongestants in cough and cold medicines.

 Heart Arrhythmia Treatment

There are various treatments for heart arrhythmia, some of which require changes you can make yourself.

Medications

Antiarrhythmic drugs — control heart rates
Anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy — reduces the risk of blood clots

Lifestyle Changes

If you're smoking, you should stop
You should avoid activities that bring on your irregular heart rhythm 
Limit or stop using caffeine
Stay away from stimulants used in cough and cold medications

Surgical Procedures

Permanent cardiac pacemaker insertion
Pacemakers, defibrillators and cardiac implants


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Heart Rhythm Disorder (Arrhythmia)

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