Diabetes Mellitus

There are two main types of diabetes. Find out what they are.

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​​Diabetes mellitus​​

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, associated with high blood glucose. This is due to either lack of insulin production in the pancreas or the insulin that is produced doesn’t work properly (known as insulin resistance). 

There are two main types of diabetes (Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes). In Type 1 diabetes, the body is unable to produce any insulin. It presents in younger people including children and is treated with insulin injection, healthy diet and regular physical activity. In Type 2 diabetes, body doesn’t produce enough insulin or the insulin that is produced doesn’t work properly. Usually it appears later in life, but is becoming more common in young people of all ethnicities. Type 2 diabetes is treated with a healthy diet and regular physical activity, but medication and/or insulin is often required. 

The symptoms of high blood glucose include passing urine freq​uently (especially at night), increased thirst, extreme tiredness, unexplained weight loss, genital itching or regular episodes of thrush, slow healing of wounds and blurred vision. Both types of diabetes can lead to several complications such as kidney or eye disease​ and also premature death. Hence, it is essential that diabetes​ is managed properly. 

Take the first step towards beating diabetes. If you are between the ages of 18 and 39, find out your risk by taking the Diabetes Risk Assessment

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Diabetes Mellitus

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